Tipos de fraudes en carnes y productos cárnicos: una revisión

T. Espinoza, F.R. Mesa, E. Valencia, R. Quevedo

Resumen


En años recientes la importancia del control de alimentos, en cuanto a la identificación de sus componentes para evitar fraudes, ha crecido tanto en interés en las organizaciones estatales como en las empresas y en las industrias. La globalización, el aumento de las importaciones y exportaciones, y los tratados de libre comercio han propiciado un mayor intercambio y acceso de los alimentos a nivel mundial; junto con ello los problemas asociados a los fraudes tales como la adulteración, sustitución, la intencionalidad, y falsificación se han incrementado. Por ello, se han reportado varios trabajos asociados al fraude alimentario, donde en la mayoría de ellas se muestran aplicaciones de nuevas técnicas de identificación. Sin embargo, una discusión acerca de los tipos de fraude y su impacto sobre la sociedad, el bioterrorismo y la religión, ha sido poco abordada. Esta revisión se enfoca básicamente en describir los tipos de fraude en alimentos más comunes. Así como, se mencionan las recientes técnicas disponibles para detectar una adulteración en carnes.

Palabras clave


fraude, adulteración, alimentos, falsificación, PCR

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Referencias


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Recibido 23 abril 2015.

Aceptado 19 julio 2015.

Corresponding author: teofilo.espinoza@ulagos.cl (T. Espinoza).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu.2015.03.09

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